Definition: The word “Job Satisfaction” was brought to spotlight by Hoppock 1935. He analyzed 32 studies on job satisfaction operated before 1933 and noticed that it is a mixture of environmental and psychological prospects that provoke an individual to say, “I am satisfied with my job”.
The explanation above signifies the variety of variables that affect the satisfaction of the person but tell us nothing relating to the nature of job satisfaction. Possibly, one way to explain it may be to say that it is the end estate of feeling.
Notice the use of the word “end”. It indicates the fact that the feeling is competent after work is accomplished or action has taken place either it is the highly egocentric effort of writing a book or a composite aim of constructing a dam.
These actions could be very minute or big. They can be easily appreciable or could just be accomplished. However, in all situations, they fulfill a certain need. The feeling could be negative or positive depending upon either need is fulfilled or not and could be an action of the efforts of the person on one hand and on the other hand the specific opportunities available to him or her.
Content: Job Satisfaction
- Motivation, Attitude and Job Satisfaction
- Morale and Job Satisfaction
Let us take the example of Mr X, a foreman in the engineering industry. He has been selected for the work to achieve a special order by a definite deadline. Mr X may sense positive job satisfaction as he has been selected to carry out the job. It gives him status and feeling that he has been honoured and given a unique job.
He can also feel delighted as he enjoys this type of dash job, can get him a bonus salary, and the overtime can keep him busy. The same could be the point of supply of his dissatisfaction, if he didn’t like dash work, has no requirement of extra salary and does not like to be so busy.
Every variable induces an end state of feeling we call satisfaction. The first step should be to differentiate the borders amidst such terms as attitude, motivation and morale for recognizing job satisfaction. These terms are generally used for job satisfaction, possibly not so rightly.
Motivation, Attitude and Job Satisfaction
Motivation implies compliance to work or create. An individual can be talented or armed with all types of abilities and skills, although they can have no will to work. Satisfaction, on the other hand, indicates a precise emotional state which may be entirely irrelevant for productivity.
Likewise, in the literature, the words job attitude and job satisfaction are used correspondingly. Although, an adjacent inquiry may disclose that possibly they measure two distinctive points. Attitudes are willingness that makes a person behave in a typical way beyond situations. They are the forerunner to behaviour and decide its intensity and direction.
Job satisfaction, on the other hand, is an end-state of feeling which can affect successive behaviour. In this respect, job satisfaction and job attitude can have something in common. Although, if we fix the behaviour, the attitude will initiate it even though job satisfaction would result from it.
Morale and Job Satisfaction
Besides two and a half decades ago, it is analyzed that there is no description of morale. It is a situation which remains in a framework where people are:
- Stimulated towards the high output.
- Need to prevail with the company.
- Act efficiently in a crisis.
- Accept essential changes without resistance.
- Indeed, build-up the interest of the company.
- And are content with their job.
In accordance with this explanation on morale, job satisfaction is a significant aspect of morale and not morale itself.
Job satisfaction deal with general attitude in relation to work by a worker; whereas morale is a group aspect which arises as an outcome of devotion to group goals and confidence in the benefits of these goals.
As a result of the problems recorded above, the measurement of job satisfaction has come to obtain the same consequences as the measurement of intelligence.
Because there is no agreement on a particular definition usually, surveys are done to measure satisfaction with distinct aspects of work and the reaction or score is known as job satisfaction. Today, as intellect is characterized as what is measured by the job satisfaction survey.
Most of the surveys have been involved with operationalizing it instead of defining it. In accordance with Locke 1969, such procedure explains that a definite relationship works, although it tells nothing as to why it works. This appears to be the condition with job satisfaction.
Researchers have brought into being to be more concerned in selecting the units of measurement from various available factors, but not much by way of job satisfaction has been tried. One would consider the acceptance of a definition of job satisfaction as a forerunner for the election of the unit of measurement.
Causes of job satisfaction are very much recognized in today’s modern world as job satisfaction is a positive feeling and every organization is trying their best in creating job satisfaction among their employees because it is clear to every organization that the satisfied force is the most productive force, and the most productive force gives competitive power into the market.
- Almost everyone wants a job we believe will satisfy us. However, no job is perfect; we generally have to adjust our job attributes.
- One job can pay adequately but gives limited opportunities for improvement and growth.
- Another job can present work we enjoy, although they have low profits.
Job satisfaction is the sum of the emotions accompanying the job conducted. If the employee recognizes that his values are accomplished inside the job, he make-up a positive attitude with regard to his job and obtains job satisfaction.